"The ongoing migration of persons to the United States
in violation of our laws is a serious national problem
detrimental to the interests of the United States." -
Ronald Reagan, 1981
never grows old, and honor rejoices the heart of age. It
does so because honor is, finally, about defending those
noble and worthy things that deserve defending, even if
it comes at a high cost. In our time, that may mean
social disapproval, public scorn, hardship, persecution,
or as always, even death itself. The question remains:
What is worth defending? What is worth dying for? What
is worth living for?" -
William J. Bennett in a
lecture to the U. S. Naval Academy, Nov 24, 1997
The Pledge of
I Pledge Allegiance
to the flag
of the United States of America
and to the Republic
for which it stands,
and justice for all.
When I was a kid, I remember seeing the Red Skelton Show
where he described the meaning of the Pledge of Allegiance. It
was probably the first time I had ever really understood the meaning
of the words. Therefore, please allow me to share this with
There is audio of the program and the controls are here.
me, an individual, a committee of one.
dedicate all of my worldly goods to give without self pity.
my love and my devotion.
To the flag
our standard, Old Glory, a symbol of freedom. Wherever
she waves, there's respect because your loyalty has given
her a dignity that shouts freedom is everybody's job!
that means that we have all come together.
individual communities that have united into 48 great states.
Forty-eight individual communities with pride and dignity and
purpose; all divided with imaginary boundaries, yet united to
a common purpose, and that's love for country.
And to the republic
a state in which sovereign power is
invested in representatives chosen by the
people to govern. And government is the people
and it's from the people to the leaders, not from
the leaders to the people.
For which it stands, one nation
one nation, meaning "so
blessed by God"
incapable of being divided.
which is freedom -- the right of power to live one's
own life without threats, fear or some sort of
the principle or quality of dealing fairly with others.
which means, boys and girls, it's as much your
country as it is mine.
After reciting this older version of the pledge, Red Skelton
Since I was a small boy, two states have been added to our country
and two words have been added to the pledge of Allegiance...
Wouldn't it be a pity if someone said
that is a prayer
and that would be eliminated from schools too?
The Pledge of Allegiance was written in August 1892 by the
socialist minister Francis Bellamy (1855-1931). It was
originally published in The Youth's Companion on
September 8, 1892. Bellamy had hoped that the pledge would be
used by citizens in any country.
In its original form it read:
"I pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which
it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice
In 1923, the words, "the Flag of the United States of
America" were added. At this time it read:
"I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of
America and to the Republic for which it stands, one nation,
indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."
In 1954, in response to the Communist threat of the times,
President Eisenhower encouraged Congress to add the words "under
God," creating the 31-word pledge we say today. Today it reads:
"I pledge allegiance to the flag of the United States of
America and to the republic for which it stands, one nation
under God, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all."
Section 4 of the Flag Code states:
The Pledge of Allegiance to the Flag: "I pledge allegiance
to the Flag of the United States of America, and to the
Republic for which it stands, one Nation under God,
indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.", should be
rendered by standing at attention facing the flag with the
right hand over the heart. When not in uniform men should
remove any non-religious headdress with their right hand and
hold it at the left shoulder, the hand being over the heart.
Persons in uniform should remain silent, face the flag, and
render the military salute."